Solomon’s temple until the Anointed One – 983 years

430 years

Ezekiel foretold a siege against Jerusalem because the house of Israel and the house of Judah committed idolatry the entire time Solomon’s temple stood.  This was portrayed when Ezekiel had to lie on one side for 390 days for Israel and on his other side facing Jerusalem for 40 days.  This totaled 430 days with each day representing 1 year (Eze 4:1-9).

Eze 4:1 “Now, son of man, take a clay tablet, put it in front of you and draw the city of Jerusalem on it.
Eze 4:2
Then lay siege to it: Erect siege works against it, build a ramp up to it, set up camps against it and put battering rams around it.
Eze 4:3
Then take an iron pan, place it as an iron wall between you and the city and turn your face toward it. It will be under siege, and you shall besiege it. This will be a sign to the house of Israel.
Eze 4:4
“Then lie on your left side and put the sin of the house of Israel upon yourself. You are to bear their sin for the number of days you lie on your side.
Eze 4:5
I have assigned you the same number of days as the years of their sin. So for 390 days you will bear the sin of the house of Israel.
Eze 4:6
“After you have finished this, lie down again, this time on your right side, and bear the sin of the house of Judah. I have assigned you 40 days, a day for each year.
Eze 4:7
Turn your face toward the siege of Jerusalem and with bared arm prophesy against her.
Eze 4:8
I will tie you up with ropes so that you cannot turn from one side to the other until you have finished the days of your siege.
Eze 4:9
“Take wheat and barley, beans and lentils, millet and spelt; put them in a storage jar and use them to make bread for yourself. You are to eat it during the 390 days you lie on your side.

Kings 1, Kings 2, and the prophets testify by their words that the Solomon’s temple stood for 430 years until it was destroyed by King Nebuchadnezzar.  The following table records all the Kings of Israel and Judah that reigned in Jerusalem while Solomon’s temple stood (Ezekiel-430-years.pdf).

70 years

Jeremiah the prophet testified that Jerusalem, Judah, and the surrounding nations would be desolate for 70 years.

Jer 25:11 This whole country will become a desolate wasteland, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon seventy years.

Chronicles records a desolation period of 70 years for the land.

2Ch 36:21 The land enjoyed its sabbath rests; all the time of its desolation it rested, until the seventy years were completed in fulfillment of the word of the LORD spoken by Jeremiah.

Daniel the prophet confirmed that Jerusalem required 70 years of desolation.

Da 9:1 In the first year of Darius son of Xerxes (a Mede by descent), who was made ruler over the Babylonian kingdom—
Da 9:2
in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, understood from the Scriptures, according to the word of the LORD given to Jeremiah the prophet, that the desolation of Jerusalem would last seventy years.

483 years

Daniel prays with urgency because he has seen that the 70 years of desolation has already been fulfilled (Dan 9:1-19).  The response is immediate with a vision:

Da 9:24 “Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy.
Da 9:25
“Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’ It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble.
Da 9:26
After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing. The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed.
Da 9:27
He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’ In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on a wing  of the temple  he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.’”

Decree (Da 9:25):  This would be the decree of Cyrus as recorded in Ez 5:13,17 which was issued the first year of Darius and the same year of the vision above.  It was because of this decree that enabled the Israelites to go back immediately and settle in Judah and Jerusalem.  Darius also enabled them to begin construction on the Second Temple.  This was completed in the fourth year of Darius and is recorded in Ezra, Haggai, and Zechariah (Zech 7:1-5).   So the starting point of the decree immediately follows the 70 years of desolation.  The time between decree and the Anointed One is provided as 7 sevens and 62 sevens (7×7 + 62×7 = 483 years).

We as Christians understand that Anointed One is in reference to Jesus.  However there has been much discussion as to whether this meant his birth, baptism, or crucifiction.  I would not argue against any reasonable explanation that can tie all Biblical prophecies together.  However I would like to demonstrate that the Anointed One, Jesus, was baptized by the last Old Testament prophet John the Baptist and this Anointing also came from heaven when Jesus was baptized by John (Mt 3:13-17, Jn 1:35-42).

983 years

This is the number of years beginning with the foundation of Solomon’s temple until the baptism of Jesus Christ by John the Baptist.  It is the summation of the prior 3 sets of consecutive years (430+70+483=983). This is a block of years and should not be rationalized any other way.  The endpoint is Jesus and we know approximately his time on this earth.  To set a starting point I decided to use the dating of Solomon’s temple by the first century Jewish historian Josephus who wrote that Solomon’s temple was founded in 957 BC based on the account of Josephus.

This study now gets very interesting indeed.  Starting at 957 BCE and adding 983 years yields and end date of AD 27 (983=957-1+27).  That would place the baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist to AD 27.  Since 27 was the year Jesus began his ministry that would mean he was crucified in AD 30.  So if Jesus was born in BCE 4 and his ministry started in AD 27 that would mean he was about 30 years old when he began his ministry.  This is consistent with the gospel of Luke (Lk 3:23).  If Jesus was crucified in AD 30; that would be 40 years prior to the desolation of Jerusalem a second time in AD 70, this time by the Romans.  This is another reminder of Ezekiel lying on his side for 40 days for the sins of Judah.  However the sins of Judah this time was for its rejection of the Anointed One, Jesus the King of the Jews from the royal line of David, their Savior and Messiah.

In summary the placement of all Biblical history can be hinged upon the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in the year AD 70.  There is alignment with the prophets including Daniel, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel.

Here is an estimate of Biblical events based on this information:

AD 70 – Destruction of Second Jewish Temple

AD 30 – Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews, was crucified

AD 27 – Baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist pointed to by the prophet Daniel

4 BCE – Birth of Jesus by the Virgin Mary

527 BCE – Desolation of Jerusalem and destruction of Solomon’s temple by King Nebuchadnezzar

957 BCE – Foundation of First Jewish Temple by King Solomon

1397 BCE – Israel enters Promised Land after 40 years in the wilderness

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