Ezekiel 4:1-7 Bearing the sins of Israel for 430 years

Seven years prior to the the fall of Jerusalem, the Lord instructed Ezekiel to lie on his left side for 390 days with his back away from the representation of Jerusalem he had constructed while in exile. This portrayed the sin of the 10 tribes of Israel who  had long abandoned Jerusalem and the LORD and instead held fast to the idolatry established under Jeroboam for 390 years.  Next Ezekiel was instructed to lie on his right side for 40 days but this time facing the representation of Jerusalem he had constructed.  This symbolized the sins of Judah for 40 years.  In all this represented 430 consecutive years of idolatry and sin that the 12 tribes of Israel did in turning away from the LORD.  The culmination was that the glory of the Lord finally departed from the temple in Jerusalem which Ezekiel saw by vision.   Within five years Jerusalem fell and the Temple was burned and completely destroyed by King Nebuchadnezzar.

Eze 4:1 “Now, son of man, take a clay tablet, put it in front of you and draw the city of Jerusalem on it.
Eze 4:2 Then lay siege to it: Erect siege works against it, build a ramp up to it, set up camps against it and put battering rams around it.
Eze 4:3 Then take an iron pan, place it as an iron wall between you and the city and turn your face toward it. It will be under siege, and you shall besiege it. This will be a sign to the house of Israel.
Eze 4:4 “Then lie on your left side and put the sin of the house of Israel upon yourself. You are to bear their sin for the number of days you lie on your side.
Eze 4:5 I have assigned you the same number of days as the years of their sin. So for 390 days you will bear the sin of the house of Israel.
Eze 4:6 “After you have finished this, lie down again, this time on your right side, and bear the sin of the house of Judah. I have assigned you 40 days, a day for each year.
Eze 4:7 Turn your face toward the siege of Jerusalem and with bared arm prophesy against her.

The destruction of the temple in Jerusalem happened exactly 430 years after the temple foundation was laid by King Solomon.  Throughout the whole period that the first temple stood and where the glory of God rested, Israel, pursued idolatry, and so in the end both the house of Israel and the house of Judah were judged according to Ezekiel chapters 5-11.

The following table  confirms that the first temple stood for a total of 430 years, while a representative King reigned in Jerusalem, based on the accounts provided from 1 Kings, 2 Kings and Ezekiel (Ezekiel-430-years.pdf).


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